10 Jan pope clement vii
Giuliano was murdered shortly after his son’s birth, so the boy was taken in by his wealthy uncle, banking magnate Lorenzo the Magnificent. The second Medici to wear the papal tiara in three pontificates, Clement VII’s tenure was marked by his relative inability to make progress in the face of political and ecclesiastical challenges. Unlike his predecessor, who had eagerly sought a council, Clement resisted it despite pressure from Charles. Sebastiano del Piombo (Italian, about 1485 - 1547) 105.4 × 87.6 cm (41 1/2 × 34 1/2 in.) Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Catherine of Aragon, painting by Michael Sittow, late 15th or early 16th century; in the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna. Hadrian was selected chiefly for his commitment to reform and his relationship with the emperor, whom he had served as tutor in Burgundy, but the Medici cardinal still continued his leading diplomatic role in the curia under the new pope. Beyond these prominent public failings, Clement generally represents the last of the Renaissance popes before the era of the Counter Reformation that began with the Council of Trent under Paul III. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). It is an untranslated letter and signed as Cardinal de’Medici in 1520.. King Henry VIII broke off relations with Pope Clement VII when he wouldn’t give Henry permission to marry Ann Boleyn. Despite the fiscal constraints left him by the exhausted papal treasury of his cousin, Clement remained a patron of Renaissance art and letters, supporting the Florentine historian Francesco Guicciardini, the famed political thinker Nicolo Machiavelli, and artists Michelangelo and Raphael. Clement VII (Latin: Clemens Septimus; 26 May 1478 – 25 September 1534), born Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church.He was the 220th Pope from 1523 to 1534. He planned an impressive group of monuments to members of his family for the New Sacristy (Sagrestia Nuova) in San Lorenzo, Florence, and in 1520 Michelangelo began the designs, which were to rank among the finest of his sculptures. The following year, however, he joined Francis in founding the League of Cognac, a treaty opposing Charles. Clement VII, Italian pope from 1523 to 1534. Henry, … It also effectively made Clement a prisoner in Castle Sant’ Angelo for the next six months. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Clement-VII-pope, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Pope Clement VII, Luminarium Encyclopedia - Biography of Clement VII. His indecisiveness allowed the Protestant Reformation to grow and resulted in Henry VIII’s eventual split from Rome. While Clement’s political foibles as pope proved more embarrassing publicly, his inability to stem the tide of the Reformation had more lasting consequences. Between 1562 and 1598, France was afflicted with civil wars between Clement soon thereafter died on September 25, 1534 and was buried in Santa Maria sopra Minerva. He was made archbishop of Florence and cardinal in 1513 by his cousin Pope Leo X, whose political policies he influenced. He was the 220th Pope from 1523 to 1534. He was the illegitimate son of Giuliano de’ Medici (1453–1478) and Fioretta Gorini. Johannes Bugenhagen. The artifact presented here is a document signed prior to Clement VII’s pontificate. In 1309, he moved the Holy See to the city of Avignon (which was actually owned by the king of Sicily), right on Phillip’s back doorstep. 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