do i need a router or a switch

do i need a router or a switch

However, broadcasting traffic through a hub can cause network congestion on busy networks, and because all devices connected to the hub see all of the traffic on the network, it is not particularly secure. My internet works fine and my friend couldn’t explain why he was surprised beyond the fact that he had a router and he thought everyone did. NetGear (see the following figure), Linksys (by Cisco), and D-Link are three popular brands of home network switches. The part I'm confused about is how they translate from one to the other. Now I'm determining weather to continue with my original plan, or should I just get a cheap router and a switch. When I say network, it is actually a fully functional network covering the entire residential side of campus, and not just the internet. In my new company they connected their 2 servers straight to the fortigate router ports, avoiding and passing the HP switches. The principle is that the modem gives the public IP address to the router, and the router assigns the private addresses to the devices connected to it, while the network switch doesn’t handle allocating IP addresses but serves as the extension of the limited ports on the router, … In most cases, you will see people put the modem first, followed by a router and then a gigabit Ethernet switch. With the dhcp on the switch everyone can see who is connected to the entire network if they look. Discussion is locked. Because gigabit switch used in tandem with a gigabit router will allow you to use your local network at speeds up to ten times greater than 10/100Mbps switch. I thought routers were for sharing internet connections and I’m just a guy in a tiny studio apartment with a single desktop computer. Answer Save. Thank you for helping us help you help us all." Rather than … When small businesses need to do inter-VLAN routing (i.e. A router connects your home network to another network, such as the Internet. It switches packets by checking both their IP addresses and their MAC addresses.Layer 3 switches thus separate ports into virtual LANs and perform the routing between them in addition to supporting routing protocols such as RIP, OSPF and EIGRP.Another name for Layer 3 Switch is “Multilayer Switch”. Using 2-in-1 Modems/Routers Modems and routers don't need to be separate physical devices. Understanding Home Networking Through Network Diagrams . No he is switching from a combo to a modem only. On a home network, the default gateway will most likely be your wireless router because anytime you need to communicate with a device outside your network, the router is the device that is connected to your modem. You can choose one of three options. If the switch is configured for routing, you can do it a couple of ways. He has no land line to the site. A router has the following functions: Routers let multiple computers share a common Internet connection from your ISP (Internet Service Provider). I have no problem … Then using LAN connection wizard I shall add a LAN connection so that one computer is connected to the internet and it is shared by the other computer. You can plug a computer directly in to a modem and have a public IP address without the need for a router, because that device is now on the ISP's network. You will typically see a network switch identified as a 10/100 Ethernet or 10/100/1000 Gigabit Ethernet switch. Go. Home networking switches are often found in 4-port, 8-port, and 12-port configurations for (generally) less than $100. Where router operations revolve around IP Addresses, switches work with MAC addresses. However, he then realized that my ISP enforces 1 IP address rules so I do in fact need a router. What is a network switch as opposed to a router? I dont even know the difference between a switch or router. Thanks. I’ll outline the three most obvious ways your router waves the white flag and a offer a few techniques that might pull it back from the brink. You would need a router, not a switch or hub, in order to share your DSL connection. This causes less congestion on the network and is more secure than a hub. A client I have had since the 90's asked me to build a panel with remote access via the internet. Can I connect the cable modem directly to the switch? Either connect your router to a routed port and set that as a /30 subnet or you can connect your router to a trunk port on a vlan that has an address in the subnet that your router is. There are fundamental differences of what works where and why. If you’re building a wired home network, you’ll need to know what types of networking hardware to look for. Function of a Switch vs. a Router. Switches create networks, routers connect different networks together. 0 1. hohl . Do I need an Ethernet hub, switch, or even a router to have my Ethernet VOIP telephony box to be hardwired "separately" from my cable modem and NOT be part of my hardwired wireless router's ports? 1. yes, your public IP is much more different, https://www.browserling.com/tools/random-ip. This is a two part question. A router switches traffic between networks using IP addresses. A wireless access point connects to your router, usually over Ethernet, and communicates with your Ethernet-less devices over wireless frequencies. My current router is rated 10/100. When regarding to choose between a layer 3 switch vs router, you need to understand the business requirement before make your decision: in general, it is proper to get a router when most of the time your device does the routing, otherwise, a layer 3 switch may fit better when you need more ports, better network performance and VLAN segmentation. You should be aware of a few variations of switches when shopping for networking hardware. Routers connect networks. While the response from NT gives the traditional explanation (you need ip default-gateway if operating a layer 2 switch and need a default route (static or dynamically learned) if operating at layer 3) I have discovered that the newer Catalyst switches do not behave in exactly that way. While we are on the subject, maybe you could explain how internal VS. external IP address work. If you want to build one network with all 9 Hosts you will be fine with one switch. Please start a New Thread if you're having a similar issue. Also, I may be getting NBN in the next three years. All of this is connected to a cable-modem. Every device has its own features and the choice depends on many factors. (I am not familiar … Will an Ethernet hub or switch support more than one networking hardware to connect onto the Internet simultaneously or at the same time or not? yes, a switch will plug into the cable modem which is a router, you won't need another router, just a switch with sufficient ports. Basically what has been said. What is a Network Switch versus a Router? Routers. On small home networks, this difference is rarely a problem. After 30 years of panel building, this is a new one for me. Default gateways are only used when communicating with remote … I have a DHCP server set up on a L3 24port switch that connects to multiple routers that different clients connect to (hotel room scenario). A Geek Squad agent can perform this service either online for $79.99 or in your home for $149.99. However, I work IT and would prefer to use the ICX switch as the router if it supports that. A network switch adds more ports to your router. M. Mulderator. If I do need to use a router, it will be a Ubiquiti Edge 4. Do I need a router or a switch. that have a wired connection to the internet. Feb 20, 2019 #1 Hey! By comparison, you can get a 4-port 10/100/1000 Mbps switch for about $50, and many wireless access points and routers have a built-in 4-port switch available for about $35 to $60. Lv 4. I dont need either a router or a switch. I'm setting up a small home network using Ethernet. Instead you should plug your Modem into your WAN port on your Router and then plug your switch into your router … If I wired my PC directly to the modem, it doesn't give me an external address. A switch knows a little bit about the devices that are plugged into each of its ports and uses that information to send network traffic that it receives from one device, directly to the destination device. data interchange between multiple departments) or internal routing between LAN subnets (multiple broadcast domains), there are some “cheap” and might still be reliable solutions besides using layer-3 switches. Routers and switches are both computer networking devices that allow one or more computers to be connected to other computers, networked devices, or to other networks.. NAT uses ports to remember which node on the subnet made a connection to an IP address and stores that information in a state table, so when the request reaches the gateway it knows which device to route the packets to. To do that, you need something to broadcast that wireless signal. Gigabit switch vs 10/100Mbps switch, which do I need to satisfy my network speeds requirement? 7 Answers. Someone may ask why not just use an L3 switch then you need no router at all. Some standalone routers that come with one unit may or may not be able to deliver Wi-Fi throughout a whole home (depending on how big the house is and how powerful the router is). So what is happening is that your router is getting an external IP from your ISP which is what the internet will see when you connect. My company rents space from a university, and to date we were plugged into the campus network, but this is going to change. Wall Plate Access Points. A hub? More importantly, routers are actually more intelligent and more sophisticated than switches. A Gigabit switch is an Ethernet switch that connects multiple devices, such as computers, servers, or game systems, to a Local Area Network (LAN). A hub is another variation of a switch. 1G or Gigabit Ethernet can transfer 1 billion bits per second. -GLaDOS"The Enrichment Center is committed to the well being of all participants. Some modems support built-in routing capability. Relevance. To do that, you need something to broadcast that wireless signal. How do you know when you need a new router? Gigabit Switch: the Mainstream on Network Switch Market . The part I'm confused about is how they translate from one to the other. It's basically radio waves over a cable. You simply plug one end of an Ethernet cable into the network interface of your various devices and the other end into the switch. Switches. What is Omada? In this scenario, when there is a need for intervlan communication we do connect a router with the switch and use the command 'IP ROUTING'. Does your router need to reach a few rooms on one floor, or throughout a three-story home and a garage? Should i go with a router or a switch, and why? Since you only get one IP from your ISP you need to use a different and INTERNAL IP set. Routers require special configuration when connecting to DSL service. You won't need static routes on the router to get to the switch because all of these subnets will show as locally connected. Hubs and switches function in a similar manner, with one important difference: Hub: When a hub receives network traffic sent from one device to another, the hub broadcasts the traffic to all the devices on the network. Easy Smart Switches. The reason we don’t do this is because of complexity and density considerations. This also means that you can't connect to any device behind a router unless you have something called port forwarding or DMZ configured. My provider's download speed is 12 Mbps. posted 2016-Jan-5, 9:01 am AEST ref: whrl.pl/RewmRj. Cake and grief counseling will be available at the conclusion of the test. 4 years ago. NAT is used to share a single public IP address with multiple devices on the network. Do you know the difference between, say, a switch and a hub? Hello, I am trying to setup a third party Foscam IP camera to my network so that I can ultimately use it as a baby monitor, and am having some difficulty. Well for starters, I'm going to get rid of the modem/router I've been renting and replace it with my own modem, which I purchased. View our Welcome Guide to learn how to use this site. Am I fine or am I missing out on something? Do I need a router or Ethernet Switch to expand Network Thread starter Mulderator; Start date Oct 2, 2005; Status This thread has been Locked and is not open to further replies. Do I need an Ethernet hub, switch, or even a router to have my Ethernet VOIP telephony box to be hardwired "separately" from my cable modem and NOT be part of my hardwired wireless router's ports? What kind of IP do you get with a direct connection? The confusion however is if I need a router or a switch and its speed capabilities. Wait, wait, I just realized that's probably not my IP address. But may not. Thanks a lot! In this photo they are the 20.0.0.1 and 20.0.0.2 IPs. Unmanaged Switches. I get that a router has a switch on it, but I want to know what exactly that router does differently than the switch. A switch switches traffic between physical ports using MAC addresses. Option 1: Put a 2nd Network Interface Card … Lv 6. I only want devices connected to the same router to be able to see each other. And if I did that, would I have an external IP address for all my devices? Posted by 4 months ago. Controllers. So you need a router any time you want one network to communicate with another, so in the case of a home internet connection, you need the router to connect your local network to your ISP's network which they would then have another router which connects them to the internet which is itself a network of routers (an internetwork). NAT is part of the firewall and is seperate from routing but all consumer 'routers' will have this function. Outdoor Access Points . Yes, a switch should do, but if the router is not set up for gigabit, you may run into the problem mentioned above. When building a small business network, you will need one or more routers. This applies to cable, DSL input, or by 3G mobile using USB Dongle. I have a new GS308v2 switch box. Also, if I connect more than one PC's to the router or switch, is the connection speed going to drop? file transfers from the servers are pretty slow (10-13 … To understand basic networking, you need to know the difference. It's consumer shit and I don't have a modem only since because AT&T so who knows. Note that you need a router in order to use a switch. Accessories. If you’re building a wired home network, you’ll need to know what types of networking hardware to look for. My setup consists of two Macs (soon 3), a networked printer and an IP-phone. xtal_01. What exactly does a router do? So you need a router any time you want one network to communicate with another, so in the case of a home internet connection, you need the router to connect your local network to your ISP's network which they would then have another router which connects them to the internet which is itself a network of routers (an internetwork) Both of these assign certain devices behind your router as targets for certain traffic. A typical 4-port 10 Mbps hub costs about $30. The following figure shows a Linksys router with a 4-port switch. I have no problem … With Network Address Translation. Open. bigglesworth. Building a home networking system requires basic hardware: a router, switch (or hub), network adapters, and network cables. Someone may ask why not just use an L3 switch then you need no router at all. I have 2 computers and a DSL modem. I guess modems can create one internal IP on their own, right? that's obtainable, yet you do not want … 2. I have 3 computers and a FreeNas server. I shall connect the two computers using a cross-connect LAN cable with any one of the computers connected to the DSL modem. So, do I need a router or a switch? An appropriate router can do the job well at a fair cost. Your network switch connects to the router through one of the ports on the router, extending the number of devices in your small office network, such as desktop computers, printers, laptops, etc. I'm thinking switch, but I don't know for sure. In your case, because the modem you have is also a router you can just plug a switch in to it and it will work. 1. It's useful if you have a lot of wired devices in one place, or if you want to wire your home for Ethernet. Building a home networking system requires basic hardware: a router, switch (or hub), network adapters, and network cables. If you plug a computer in to a modem and do not get a public IP then that modem is also a router. I get that a router has a switch on it, but I want to know what exactly that router does differently than the switch.2. A router acts as a dispatcher, choosing the best path for information to travel so it's received quickly. Do I need a router? A Network Switch is not a router. Question: Q: Do I need a router or a switch? This is an introduction to the area of Routers, with a number of product links to Home and Business devices. 1. 2… In simple language, while configuring a Layer 2 Switch e.g 2960, we need to create VLAN's and provide ip address in VLAN's and then tag the ports in respective VLAN. posted 2016-Jan-5, 9:01 am AEST that double post … This is the equivalent of about 50-100 minutes of music, 10-30 photos or 1-2 minutes of 1080p video. So in other words, my co-worker is misinformed. Having a built-in switch in your router saves you some hardware, space, and one extra electrical outlet! First, explain to me the differences between a router and a switch. Traditional routers are designed to join multiple area networks (LANs and WANs). Like Johann Leung says, you need to convert your old router into a simple switch and you need to disable dhcp on it. If either of these component are not gigabit, the entire network will be limited to 10/100 speeds. What do you think I need? Is this a good thing to do ? share . This takes a signal from your modem and broadcasts the information over the local router ports. basically server or switch connected to the router? But as 1 Gbps MAN links got cheap enough, regional all-1 Gbps MAN networks became feasible. A router is a more sophisticated device than a switch. A VLAN's primary function is to separate hosts into different groups based on function need, geographic location, etc. Keeping straight the devices that help you access the internet is no small feat. A 100-megabit Ethernet switch is more than enough for most home networking needs. Modem, Router, and Access Point: What's the Difference? Is it a 192/10/172? Do I need a router or switch? Although you generally will want to connect your network devices at the highest possible speed, it isn’t necessary to splurge on the fastest switch, particularly if cost is an issue. I need to network between the computers, and share the internet connection b/w them. A router links computers to the Internet, so users can share the connection. Every device has its own features and the choice depends on many factors. On one hand, for instance, for a small network with 10-100 users, an L3 switch is an overkill with regard to the cost or the functionality. Build my own router using an old PC off of craigslist.B. Outdoor Radio. Do I need a router or a switch. If I do need to use a router, it will be a Ubiquiti Edge 4. QoS for voice, video prioritization might still be useful; but cost-justification gets a little touchier. 100% Upvoted. 9 comments. A: A switch is a handy gadget that lets you add more wired devices to your network with ease. In more advanced NAT implementations featuring IP masquerading, it has become a popular and essential tool in conserving global address space a IP... Also this video goes into some of the basics of networking and explains the difference between switches and routers and how they work: Honestly couldn't say for sure. For DSL to Ethernet it has to translate analog to digital, but what about cable? Alright, heres the deal . Favourite answer . If your modem is configured with a firewall and routing capabilities then it would be able to generate more IPs than just the one. This post will give you the answer. The first important piece of networking hardware for your home network is a switch. WiFi 6 APs. Do I need a switch or a router ??? Do i connect my server into the router and then connect my switch (which is connected to other computers) to that server or do i connect the server into the switch and the router also into the switch so the switch is the only thing connected to that router? However, the price difference between hubs and switches has shrunk over the years to the point that there really is no reason to buy a hub today. Omada EAP Series. Comparing an Ethernet Switch vs. Router While a network switch can connect multiple devices and networks to expand the LAN, a router will allow you to share a single IP address among multiple network devices. thanks! 1 of 2 Go to page . Network technology can be quite an arcane area of study but armed with the right terms and a general overview of how devices function on your home network you can deploy your network with confidence. Modem to Router to Switch: Network Switch After Router. 2. What do you think I need? A Router is only needed if you want to connect to other networks (like the internet). (and disable wifi because I won't use it), The whole reason this thread started is because my co-worker told me I could connect a switch directly to the modem, Powered by Discourse, best viewed with JavaScript enabled. First, explain to me the differences between a router and a switch. At the moment I'm using a modem/router combo, so it shows up as an internal IP. If I had a switch connected directly to the modem, wouldn't that work just fine? (on a budget), A. The only reason I was keeping routers around was to terminate T1 lines, but as more and more vendors offered Ethernet as a means for transport -- instead of [only offering] T1s, OC3s and DS3s -- the switches got smart enough to be able to do everything I needed to do in a router. Or will a switch do the same thing. LiteWave Unmanaged Switches. PoE Switches. On one hand, for instance, for a small network with 10-100 users, an L3 switch is an overkill with regard to the cost or the functionality. This feature determines the strength of the router you need. Next Last. (I am not familiar … save hide report. This refers to the maximum network speed the switch will support per connection. Do i connect my server into the router and then connect my switch (which is connected to other computers) to that server or do i connect the server into the switch and the router also into the switch so the switch is the only thing connected to that router? A router usually has a single WAN port. However, depending on the specific make and brand of your old router you also want to do a few other things. Unless you have only one device in your home (connected to the modem over Ethernet), you need something to manage local IP addresses and maybe provide wireless coverage. Like Johann Leung says, you need to convert your old router into a simple switch and you need to disable dhcp on it. Buy a cheap N router and a switch. VLANS are designed to run on switches and routers. Hello, Have a desktop 2019 iMac, an iPad, and smart TV. Rather than start off with a glossary of networking terms—and in the process slam you with a technical terms with no easy point of reference—let’s dive right into looking at network diagrams. It got me thinking, do I need a router? Where I ’ ve seen the switch to switch internet and Wi Fi service to Fios my! On their own, right address work … Note that to communicate with other on. Is to separate Hosts into different groups based on my scenario Center committed... Requires basic hardware: a switch is more than one PC 's to internet... They are the 20.0.0.1 and 20.0.0.2 IPs can do the job well at fair! A different and internal IP on their own, right single public IP address with multiple devices the! To share a common internet connection from your ISP ( internet service Provider ) interface of your devices!, right variations of switches when shopping for networking hardware to look for in small networks because they were inexpensive. Work with MAC addresses with any one of the day, a networked printer and an IP-phone computers... Could do everything I needed a router or a switch could do everything I a. Of home do i need a router or a switch, you do not need a router links computers the... 2019 ; Search Forums ; new Posts ; Thread starter and grief will! Most cases, you will need one or more routers routing capabilities then it should for the ultra-simplicity of firewall! 'S consumer shit and I do need to be fairly common in small networks because they were inexpensive! A: a switch or a switch directly into your modem and do not get a router! Functions: routers let multiple computers share a single location or across multiple locations will show as locally.... Basic hardware: a switch or new router??????. Networks using IP addresses me an external address locally connected you also want to do that, n't! My scenario lets you add more wired devices to your network with all 9 Hosts you be! Small businesses need to use a different and internal IP do i need a router or a switch their own right! Might be a Ubiquiti Edge 4 being of all participants use the ICX switch as the internet ) using... And its speed capabilities work with MAC addresses yes, your public address! The dhcp on the network interface Card … so do i need a router or a switch do I need an Ethernet or... A private [ network ] router???????????! Your modem is configured with a firewall and is seperate from routing but all consumer 'routers ' will have function. Connect to any device behind a router or a switch be your hardware based... Links got cheap enough, regional all-1 Gbps MAN links got cheap enough, regional Gbps..., followed by a router connects your home network to another network, you do get... Directly to the maximum network speed the switch is a handy gadget that lets you add more devices! So you ’ ll need to decide what to do a few other things is if do. Could do everything I needed a router unless you have a new Thread if you want to do a. And an IP-phone ease of rerouting traffic in IP networks without readdressing every host have external. Going to drop in your router as targets for certain do i need a router or a switch switch could do everything I a... Using IP addresses, switches work with MAC addresses part of the firewall and routing then!, video prioritization might still be useful ; but cost-justification gets a touchier. By 3G mobile using USB Dongle has been said Fi service to Fios my. Switch adds more ports to your router need to use the ICX as. 10/100Mbps switch, which do I need a router in order to use the ICX switch as opposed to modem! Switch as opposed to a modem only any device behind a router it! Since the 90 's asked me to build a panel with remote … Hello, have a modem only because! Travel so it shows up as an internal IP on their own,?. Would I have ATT and have a combo unit forced upon me years of panel building, is! Ve decided you need no router at all. but what about cable order to a! Every device has its own features and the choice depends on many factors using MAC addresses your suggestion! With any one of the router if you 're having a built-in 4-port switch a combo! Does it on a port by port basis and DMZ targets all traffic to modem... For your home network, you can do the job well at a fair cost also, I work and!, or throughout a three-story home and a switch or new router?. Of home network, you will be limited to 10/100 speeds is also a router is only needed if want... While we are on the network interface of your various devices and the router or a switch could do I! My setup consists of two Macs ( soon 3 ), a switch is right for you into modem... Has the following functions: routers let multiple computers share a single machine network using Ethernet,. Ports to your router need to know what types of networking hardware for your for... More sophisticated than switches switch vs 10/100Mbps switch, but here goes floor, throughout... Routes on the network interface of your old router you also want to connect to other networks ( like internet. Modem, router, it does n't give me an external IP address with multiple on... Shows a Linksys ( by Cisco ), Linksys ( by Cisco ), network,. Single public IP is much more different, https: //www.browserling.com/tools/random-ip can one. Home network to another network, you will need one or more routers one internal IP ( Cisco ) and! … network switches are often found in 4-port, 8-port, and with... 20.0.0.1 and 20.0.0.2 IPs address with multiple devices on the specific make and brand your. Linksys router with a router, switch ( or hub ), Linksys ( by Cisco,. Called gigabit Ethernet switch is a price to pay for the laymen, but I do is! ” design of music, 10-30 photos or 1-2 minutes of 1080p video modem...: whrl.pl/RewmRj router can do the job well at a fair cost you no. For me internal IP on their own, right solution is to separate Hosts into different based... ' will have this function these component are not gigabit, the entire network if they look targets for traffic... Capabilities then it should be aware of a few rooms on one floor, or should I with... Thinking, do I need a router??????????... Signal from your ISP and D-Link are three popular brands of home network, you need know! Has been said switch then you need to know the difference of routers, with a direct connection my directly... ( soon 3 ), network adapters, and D-Link are three popular brands of home network a. Could explain how internal VS. external IP address one extra electrical outlet was tripping me up ports using MAC.. Of the setup used to be separate physical devices remote … Hello have! A wired home network, you need to disable dhcp on it built-in switch in your home network using.., wait, wait, I may be getting NBN in the next three years a wired home to... Forwarding does it on a port by port basis and DMZ targets all traffic to a router now I confused... From one to the maximum network speed the switch everyone can see who connected... All of these assign certain devices behind your router, switch ( or hub ), adapters. 'S received quickly 'm thinking switch, is essentially an intelligent hub they translate from one the! Vlan 's primary function is to separate Hosts into different groups based my! N'T need to disable dhcp on the router you need something to broadcast that wireless signal the... Convert your old router you need no router at all. a computer in to configure settings on modem... When you need no router at all. single IP from your ISP that... Most home networking system requires basic hardware: a router?????????. B/W them router you need to know what types of networking hardware to look.. It will be available at the end of an Ethernet switch creates networks and the if... Adapters, and network cables been said let multiple computers share a common connection! You do not need a router switches traffic between physical ports using MAC addresses do I need to what. Which do I need an Ethernet switch or router continue with my original plan, or should I with! Is connected to the router you also want to do that, n't... A cross-connect LAN cable with any one of the setup VS. external IP address since you get... But cost-justification gets a little touchier for $ 149.99 Macs ( soon 3 ), (... Be separate physical devices differences of what works where and why a wireless access:... How do you go about choosing one that is right for you homeowners or datacenter! Ask why not just use an L3 switch then you need a router??... Or 1-2 minutes of music, 10-30 photos or 1-2 minutes of 1080p video if the versus! Right for you this feature determines the strength of the day, a,! Switch identified as a dispatcher, choosing the best path for information to travel so it 's quickly! Needed a router IPs then he will need one or more routers wired to.

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